An upper abdomen ultrasound is a medical imaging procedure that uses sound waves to create images of the organs in the upper part of the abdomen. This non-invasive test is commonly used to evaluate the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, and other structures in the upper abdominal area. Here’s a brief overview of what you can expect during an upper abdomen ultrasound:


Liver: To assess the size, shape, and texture of the liver. It can help in detecting conditions such as fatty liver, cirrhosis, or liver tumors.

Gallbladder: To check for the presence of gallstones or inflammation.

Pancreas: To evaluate the pancreas for abnormalities, including tumors or inflammation.

Kidneys: To examine the size, shape, and position of the kidneys and to detect kidney stones or other abnormalities.

Spleen: To assess the size and condition of the spleen.

  1. Preparation:

Typically, you’ll be asked to fast for a certain period before the ultrasound, especially if the examination involves the gallbladder. Fasting helps ensure a clear visualization of the organs.

  1. Procedure:

You will lie on an examination table, and a water-based gel will be applied to the skin over the upper abdomen.

The ultrasound technician (sonographer) will use a handheld device called a transducer, which emits high-frequency sound waves.

The transducer is moved over the skin, and the sound waves bounce off internal structures, creating echoes that are converted into images on a computer screen.

  1. After the Procedure:

Once the ultrasound is complete, the gel will be wiped off your skin.

You can usually resume normal activities immediately after the procedure.

  1. Interpretation of Results:

The images generated during the ultrasound will be interpreted by a radiologist or healthcare provider.

They will provide a report to your referring physician, who will discuss the results with you.

An upper abdomen ultrasound is a valuable diagnostic tool and is often used to investigate symptoms such as abdominal pain, jaundice, or abnormal liver function tests. It is generally considered safe and does not involve ionizing radiation. However, like any medical test, it has limitations, and additional imaging or tests may be required for a comprehensive evaluation.