When referring to the “cranium,” it generally pertains to the skull, which is the bony structure that protects the brain and supports other facial structures. The cranium is comprised of several bones that house and encase the brain. These bones include the frontal bone, parietal bones, temporal bones, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, and ethmoid bone.

Here are some key points about the cranium:

Frontal Bone: Forms the forehead and the upper part of the eye sockets (orbits).

Parietal Bones: Two large bones on the top of the skull that meet at the sagittal suture.

Temporal Bones: Paired bones on each side of the skull that house the ear structures.

Occipital Bone: Forms the back and base of the skull and contains the foramen magnum, the opening through which the spinal cord passes.

Sphenoid Bone: A butterfly-shaped bone at the base of the skull that connects to many other bones and forms part of the eye socket.

Ethmoid Bone: Located in front of the sphenoid bone and contributes to the eye sockets and nasal cavity.

The cranium serves to protect the brain from injury and trauma. In addition to its protective function, it also provides structural support for the face and serves as an anchor for the muscles of the head and neck.

When discussing medical imaging or procedures related to the cranium, it might involve techniques such as a cranial CT (computed tomography) scan or an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), which can provide detailed images of the structures within the skull, including the brain.