Cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder, a small organ located in the upper right side of the abdomen that plays a role in digestion. This procedure is usually performed to treat gallstones, which are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder and cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever. Cholecystectomy can be performed using traditional open surgery or laparoscopic surgery, depending on the size and location of the gallstones. Recovery time can vary depending on the type of surgery performed, but most people can return to their normal activities within a few weeks after the procedure. People who are considering cholecystectomy should discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with their doctor to determine if it is the right option for them.