Laparotomy is a surgical procedure that involves making a large incision in the abdomen to gain access to the internal organs. This technique is used to diagnose and treat a variety of conditions, including cancer, trauma, and infections. Laparotomy can be performed under general or regional anesthesia and may take several hours to complete. During the procedure, the surgeon will make an incision in the abdominal wall and carefully move aside the muscles and tissues to expose the organs. Once the surgery is complete, the incision will be closed with sutures or staples. Recovery time can vary depending on the extent of the surgery, but patients may need to stay in the hospital for several days and may require several weeks to fully recover. While laparotomy is a more invasive procedure than laparoscopy, it may be necessary for certain conditions that cannot be effectively treated with less invasive techniques.