Sonography, another name for ultrasound, is a non-invasive diagnostic imaging method that produces images of the inside of the body using high-frequency sound waves. The abdomen, pelvis, and reproductive organs can all be examined with ultrasound technology, which is widely utilized in medicine. A qualified healthcare expert, generally a radiologist or sonographer, will apply a gel to the skin’s surface in the area to be studied during an ultrasonic examination. They will then use a handheld device called a transducer to send high-frequency sound waves through the body. The sound waves bounce off the internal structures and are detected by the transducer, which then sends the information to a computer to create images of the organs and tissues being examined. It is used in obstetrics to monitor fetal development during pregnancy. It can detect potential issues such as structural abnormalities, growth problems, and the position of the placenta.